Moscow – is a real treasure box for all lovers of historical monuments, stunning panoramas, shrines of culture, science and religion. Guests of the capital can enjoy the magnificent architecture of the central part of the city, numerous parks and gardens, see the cultural monuments of different eras, hear incredible stories about the secret places of Moscow – all this can give you unforgettable emotions and impressions.
Main cultural and historical monuments
Undoubtedly, it`s a main square of Russia, which has gathered around itself number of objects of attraction for both tourists and city residents. Here is one of the symbols of Russia, the Moscow Kremlin. Walking in it, do not miss the opportunity to visit the Armory, Cathedrals – Annunciation, Assumption, Archangel, the famous Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Museum of Applied Arts. One of the most beautiful buildings in the world-St. Basil's Cathedral, is also place on the same Red Square.
A unique landscape and a set of plants from several natural zones of Russia, a two-level embankment with the Soaring Bridge, a modern concert platform, an ice cave – all this is about a new city park and the cultural center Zaryadye. Guests of the park will be able to see fascinating 3D films about cultural monuments, nature reserves and historical places of Russia, visit museums and exhibitions, enjoy masterpieces of classical music in a world-class concert hall, feel like real scientists and conduct unusual experiments in a scientific and educational center Reserved Embassy, reveal the secrets of the Arctic and Antarctic in the Ice Cave.
Alexander garden (Alexandrovskiy)
The famous garden, located next to the walls of the Kremlin. The Eternal Flame is located right over here, around which a Guard of Honor is on duty every day. By the way, its shift is a favourite attraction for tourists.
Christ The Saviour Cathedral
The main Orthodox church of the country, built in gratitude to the Almighty and the Russian people, who bravely fought with Napoleon army in the war of 1812. After re-construction at the end of the 20th century, it became an integral part of the cityscape of Moscow.
Located in district Khamovniki, this temple is considered to be one of the main architectural monuments of 16th century. There is a museum in the building of the monastery, where a rich collection of samples of old Russian painting, jewelry with precious stones, old books, documents and much more is represented.
One of the most popular streets of Moscow, reminiscent of Paris Montmartre. A huge variety of cafes and souvenir shops, the renowned Theater. Vakhtangov – on the Arbat everyone will find something to do to their liking.
The Exhibition of achievements of the national economy – kind of a Disneyland of the USSR, allowing to immerse yourself in the history of the XX century of our country. A lot of colourful pavilions, shops, spacious alleys and gargantyuan buildings, old-fashioned music and a completely unique atmosphere – if you wanted to go on a journey through time, then pay attention to ENEA.
Incredibly beautiful and picturesque palace and park ensemble in the south of the city, built in 1776 by the order of Empress Catherine the Second. Now you can not only walk along the alleys and paths, but also visit the extensive museum-reserve.
M. Gorky Recreation Park
Gorky Park in Moscow – the most visited park of the capital. After a large-scale reconstruction, the park began to shine with new colors, becoming a favorite platform for recreation, sports, summer film screenings and just a pleasant stay in a comfortable atmosphere.
The history of the Moscow metro
Today it is impossible-to imagine Moscow without the metro. It can be called a city under the ground with its own rules, rhythm, sights. It functions as a separate organism, but at the same time it is an integral part of the capital.
The idea of launching an underground railway in Moscow appeared half a century before the project implementation. From 1875 to 1930 at least five subway construction projects were submitted. But work began only in the early 1930s, when it became quite obvious that public transport (represented mainly by trams) could not cope with passenger traffic. After January 6 traffic jam in 1931, when all transport- from trams to cab drivers, stopped in the city for the whole day, construction of the metro has begun in Moscow.
The launch of the Moscow Central Circle in 2016 was a striking event in the life of the city – the urban railway integrated into the metro structure. 31 stations located along the line allow citizens to change the line quickly without passing the city center. Today, the metro continues to spread throughout the capital. In less than the past seven years, 55 stations and 101 km of lines have been open for passenger traffic in Moscow, considering the MCC – much more than it is in any other period of the construction of the subway. With the introduction of the first five stations of the Third Interchange Circuit, this will already be 111.5 kilometers and 60 stations
View metro map here:
Unique metro stations
The pylons, which are the main architectural value of the station, are lined with white Koelga marble. Upper part of the pylons is decorated with a cornice with a colored Ukrainian national ornament, and the floor is laid with gray marble and red granite. The vaults between the pylons are decorated with 24 frescoes, framed by rich stucco, which depicts the working people of Soviet Ukraine. From the side of the platforms the pylons are also decorated with frescoes, only here are fantastic plants. The station is lit by magnificent chandeliers made of rock crystal.
Opened in September 1938, this three-vaulted station can be considered special even by the standards of the Moscow metro. In the vault of the central nave there are 34 oval niches, inside of which there are lighting lamps and mosaic panels of smalt. They were made according to the sketches of A. Deineka himself from the Aviation cycle. In general, the station created in the era of the Stalinist Empire, is perceived to be quite avant-garde and can be attributed to the art deco style. In 2005, Mayakovskaya received a spectacular addition – the second lobby, the lobby decorated with mosaics by the artist I. Lubenkov with the sky theme and lines from Vladimir Mayakovsky’s poems. The bust of the poet was also moved here.
The entrance to the Novoslobodskaya station itself is illustrious with its grandeur and monumentality – the ground hall, which is an object of cultural heritage, is made in ancient temples style. The interior design of Novoslobodskaya is not inferior in beauty to its exterior. Pylons, lined with light marble, rising to the ceiling, are rounded smoothly transforming into the arches. In each of the pylons there are colored stained glass windows, illuminated from inside and decorated with steel and gilded brass. Multicolored glass is formed into images of stars, fantastic plants and flowers, and at the top of each stained glass window, there is a medallion with pictures of peaceful life.
Opened in 2007, this station has a very modern design. The walls are lined with light brown marble, the columns are dark green. The station is decorated with magnificent mosaic stained-glass windows with lighting in the piers depicting ancient Russian cities and murals at the ends of the hall by the famous Zurab Tsereteli. By a strange coincidence, despite the fact that almost all the stained glass windows depicted Orthodox churches and cathedrals, none of the domes had a cross. The misunderstanding was corrected within a few months – one of the subway passengers independently attached small wearable crosses and wooden crucifixes to the domes.
The color and stylistic design of the station is very original and interesting. All walls are lined with beautiful green marble. Lamps and benches are installed in an unusual way in the center of the hall. All benches are created in the form of boats, above which the name of the station, made with a florid font, flaunts. Trees and lanterns are also very original and skillfully complement the overall design idea.
Ploschad Revolyutsii (Revolution Square)
Many good words could be said about this station, but only the bronze figures by sculptor Matvey Manizer truly distinguish it from the other stations. These sculptures, located in the arches of both platforms, have acquired the special status of Moscow idols, with which numerous popular superstitions are associated. For example – if you touch the flag in the hands of the signalman in the morning, the day will be successful; going on a date is worth touching the bronze girl's shoes; before the exam, you need to rub the nose of the border shepherd. Do not forget to join the Moscow tradition!
The theme of the main hall is dedicated to the work of the Soviet people during the Second World War. The walls are decorated with bas-reliefs by sculptor G.I. Motovilov, and the travel walls are decorated with Georgian salieti red marble. In the stone there is a large number of ammonite shells, nautilus and belemnites, the floor is covered with gray and black slabs and is decorated with yellow-pink marble on the edges. It is worth mentioning separately the station lighting: in 6 rows of the central archs round deepening, 318 lamps are mounted.